Firstly, Shylock is extremely vengeful. When Salerio asks Shylock what good would Antonio's flesh do Shylock if Antonio forfeits the bond, he replies, "If it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge. He hath disgraced me, laughed at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation," The quote clearly portrays Shylock remembering every single thing that Antonio has done to him. He calculates what Antonio has done to him and tries to revenge the wrongs done to him by murdering Antonio.
Next, Shylock is very materialistic. When Tubal brings news of Jessica to Shylock, Shylock says "Two thousand ducats in that, and other precious, precious jewels! I would my daughter dead at my foot, with the jewels in her ear!" This clearly shows that Shylock would prefer to have his money and jewels than his daughter's return.
Thirdly, Shylock is shrewd. When discussing the forfeiture of the bond, Shylock says "let the forfeiture be nominated for an equal pound of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken in what part of the body pleaseth me." Shylock suggests the forfeiture of the bond playfully, whereas it is actually a cunning plan to murder Antonio with the law on his side.
Finally, I would like to reiterate that Shylock is a tyrannical and bloodthirsty villain instead of a tragic figure, whom many might sympathize with. In the above essay, I have clearly shown that Shylock is a villain. He is vengeful, materialistic and shrewd. These are the characteristics of a stereotypical villain.
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What makes Shylock an interesting character is that he has a complex nature. In certain ways, he is a stereotypical evil Jew of the literature of Shakespeare's period, racism and antisemitism being far more acceptable then than now. On the other hand, he is loyal to his religion and has been badly mistreated by Christians. His desire for revenge may seem vindictive, but it responds to a lifetime of being treated as almost subhuman. He is also a widower who greatly prizes the ring given him by his dead wife, Leah. Thus not only is he discriminated against by Christians but he has also suffered a personal tragedy and been left to raise his daughter as a single father.