According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics , in 2012 political scientists earned a median salary of $102,000. Political scientists employed by the federal government earned a median salary of $115,740, those working in scientific research and development services earned a median salary of $99,500, and individuals working at colleges, universities and professional schools earned a median salary of $63,030. Political science jobs in the field are predicted by the BLS to grow at a rate of 21 percent between 2012 and 2022. The graph below provides 2012 median salary information for political scientists employed in select industries.
As a social science, contemporary political science started to take shape in the latter half of the 19th century. At that time it began to separate itself from political philosophy, which traces its roots back to the works of Chanakya , Aristotle and Plato which were written nearly 2,500 years ago. The term "political science" was not always distinguished from political philosophy, and the modern discipline has a clear set of antecedents including also moral philosophy, political economy, political theology, history, and other fields concerned with normative determinations of what ought to be and with deducing the characteristics and functions of the ideal state.