Because of their heterodox beliefs and practices, Alevis have been the target of historical and recent oppression. They sided [ when? ] with the Persian Empire against the Ottoman Empire [ citation needed ] and forty thousand Alevis were killed in 1514 by Ottomans.  The Qizilbash of Anatolia found themselves on the "wrong" side of the Ottoman- Safavid border after the 1555 Peace of Amasya . They become subjects of an Ottoman court which viewed them with suspicion. In that troubled period under Suleiman the Magnificent the Alevi people were persecuted and murdered.
Telecommunications is a billion-dollar industry with estimates showing that core markets of fixed-line, mobile and data service generate annual revenue of around ($) per year, which is equivalent to % of GDP. Jordan's IT sector is the most developed and competitive in the region due to the 2001 telecom liberalization. Market share of the mobile sector, the most competitive telecoms market, is currently fairly evenly divided between the three operators, with Zain, owned by MTC Kuwait, maintaining the largest share (39%), followed by France Telecom’s brand Orange (36%) and Umniah (25%), which is 96% owned by Bahrain’s Batelco. End of year figures for 2007 show that the market trend is towards greater parity, with Zain’s share falling in the space of a year from 47% in 2006 and the other two operators picking up subscribers. The increased competition has led to pricing that is more favourable to consumers. Mobile penetration is currently around 80%.