Canine Parvovirus - Common Dog Virus
There are many diseases and viruses that come in conflict with the average dog today. If no precautions are taken to prevent these viruses, chances are the dog is more than likely to contract one. One of the most common among these viruses is called canine parvovirus. “Since the discovery of the canine parvovirus in 1978, the number of dogs infected has increased rapidly and tremendously” (Welch). Canine parvovirus has appeared worldwide making it one of the most common viruses to dogs. It can be transmitted from canine to canine by way of contaminated feces or coming in contact with other bodily fluids of an infected animal. Since the parvovirus can be transmitted outside the animal for many years, this makes it one of the most contagious viruses. Canine parvovirus can survive outside the infected animal from one to two years, if conditions are favorable. Parvoviruses can be carried on shoes, hands, other inanimate objects, and even through dust particles in the air. Canine parvovirus is one of the most common and most contagious viruses in the United States today.
The canine parvovirus is not an old virus. It developed around the year 1978. “Canine parvovirus contains similar properties and characteristics of feline parvovirus, a disease found in cats. Feline parvovirus appeared before canine parvovirus, and it is believed that feline parvovirus is a variant of canine parvovirus. Both diseases are similar antigenically, and they both cause epidemic enteritis and myocarditis. Canine parvovirus though very similar biologically to the feline parvovirus, has its own recognizable properties that distinguish it from feline parvovirus” (Breaux). When first discovered the canine parvovirus caused thousands of deaths among both wild and domestic canines.
“Canine parvovirus is a type II ssDNA virus. It is also one of the smallest viruses known to man. The canine parvovirus molecules contain palindromic sequences. This simply means the DNA sequence reads the same way forward as backwards. The virus multiplies in the nuclei very rapidly and takes place in infected cells. This virus causes the cell to require the virus to be able to pass through the S-phase (a phase in the cell’s reproduction), which helps the virus to spread quickly” (Breaux). “This virus mainly targets the intestinal track, white blood cells, and sometimes the heart muscle” (American Veterinary Medical Association). Canine parvovirus mainly causes deterioration of tissues causing extreme pain to the canine....
Besides, vaccination are ready available in our country as all cats which including those indoor cats or semi-indoor cats should be vaccinated. The vaccination are comes with other vaccine such as Herpes virus (Feline Rhinotracheitis), Calici virus, Chlamydia Psittaci, Feline leukemia Virus and also Parvo-virus which causes Feline Panleukopenia. The recommended injections are given at 8 to 9 weeks of age and the second dose is at 3 to 4 weeks later where booster are required annually. However contraindicated the used of modified-live vaccine should not used in pregnant animal or young kitten at the age of less than 4 weeks old. These vaccines give a good long lasting immunity which can protect the cats from being infected by the viruses.