And she to me: ‘There is no greater pain, than to remember happy times in misery, and this your teacher knows. But if you have so great a yearning to understand the first root of our love, I will be like one who weeps and tells. We read, one day, to our delight, of Lancelot and how love constrained him: we were alone and without suspicion. Often those words urged our eyes to meet, and coloured our cheeks, but it was a single moment that undid us. When we read how that lover kissed the beloved smile, he who will never be separated from me, kissed my mouth all trembling. That book was a Galeotto , a pandar , and he who wrote it: that day we read no more.’
He with his fiends guard the grafters, caught in boiling pitch to represent their sticky-fingered deals, torturing with grappling hooks whoever they can reach. Dante and Virgil gain a safe conduct from him (Malacoda) and he allows the poets to cross to the next Bolgia. However, Malacoda lies to the poets about the existence of bridges over the sixth Bolgia, making him less a help and more an impediment. In the Inferno it does not state whether or not Malacoda chases the poets after his demons Grizzly (Barbariccia) and Hellken (Alichino) fall into the boiling pit of pitch . All the Inferno states is that the poets were being chased by the fiends before they escaped by sliding down a bank to the next Bolgia. Malacoda and his fiends cannot leave the fifth Bolgia of the grafters. It is said in the Inferno :
The veneration of Aristotle is not accidental. In Dante's time, Aristotle was commonly referred as The Philosopher, the fount of all wisdom. The scholastic tradition of philosophy and theology, which was very powerful throughout the Renaissance period, is specifically that which united Aristotelian thought and Christian beliefs. Late medieval and Renaissance thinkers had a great deal of respect for received knowledge and the printed word, perhaps partly because there were so few books. Thus, although they were Christian, they were often unable to conceive of a system of knowledge which did not derive at least partially from the Ancients. After Dante's time, a rival group began to emerge, made up of those who preferred Plato to Aristotle. The fact that Dante was an Aristotelian is one reason he is often classified as a medieval poet rather than one of the Renaissance. Of course these classifications, though useful, are generally arbitrary: some historians strongly dispute the idea that time can be divided into specific periods.